Composting is a vital component for your organic garden.
To compost or not to? That is the question.
- Composting is the cheapest source of organic material to build your soil
- Composting is convenient way to convert kitchen scraps to valuable humus
- Composting recycles almost any organic material
What to add in layers
- Urine (pee in a bucket, add approximately same quantity water, then water on compost heap weekly is good)
- Plants that need pulling out of the garden
- Succulent weeds(no seeds)
- Vegetable that are past their used by date
- Lawn clippings
- Fruit peelings
- Pea pods
- Egg shells
- Tea leaves
- Coffee grounds
- Animal manure
- Straw( in thin layers only)
- News paper (only shredded and soaked in water)
- Yesterday’s flowers
- Hair and dust from the vacuum cleaner
DO NOT ADD:
- Fatty and greasy kitchen scraps.
- Meat , fish, dairy or cheese. These will attract vermin
- Diseased plants
- Tough roots
- Thick dry sticks and other woody material
- Onions and lemons (earthworms also have likes and dislikes. These are not their favorite dinner!!!!!)
- Begin by put dry leaves ,small stones and sticks on slightly sloping ground
- Big roots, weeds especially with seeds should not be added unless you are making “hot” compost
- To counter acidity sprinkle occasionally a handful of lime or wood ash
- Cover final layer with lid, or hessian or old carpet
- Keep moist not soggy
There are many ways to speed up the decomposing
- add compost worms
- turn and water weekly
- shred ingredients before adding
- weekly add these fresh leaves to activate your compost heap: comfrey , yarrow, elder berry, tansy or borage (These magnificent herbs encourage bees and valuable insects to the garden as well)
When is compost ready ?
When it smells deliciously earthy and is dark brown in color and crumbles in your hand I call this BLACK GOLD!
Sadly comfrey is considered a weed and is not easily purchased from a commercial nursery. My advice is to beg, borrow or steal from a friend. Once you have it, you too can share with other friends who don’t have it. Lets share the love around I say!
Other pages of interest:
“Soil is the substance of transformation” – Carol Williams